Canadian Environmental Health Atlas

Understanding Our Environment is Key to Promoting Health and Preventing Disease

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Key Points

Inuit Nunangat

• About 45,000 Inuit live in Canada’s Inuit Nunangat region.

• The health of the Inuit population as well as the general population of Canada
   are influenced by a variety of determinants, including socioeconomic status and
   cultural factors.

• To fully understand the health of Inuit, their situation must be considered in
   the broader context of social and environmental changes.

• Inuit organizations such as the Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and leaders such as
   Sheila Watt-Cloutier have been very active in addressing the health needs of
   Inuit people and documenting the effects of a changing environment on their
   health and culture.

• Inuit Canadians face challenges when accessing health care and often have
   more chronic and infectious diseases than other Canadians.

• Like aboriginal Canadians and indigenous people in many parts of the world,
   Inuit have lower life expectancy than members of the general population in Canada.